Perched 200 feet above the Mississippi River on the highest promontory north of the Gulf of Mexico,
Natchez is the oldest civilized settlement on the river, two years older than New Orleans, LA. Inhabited
for centuries by prehistoric Indians and later by the Natchez Indians, Natchez was settled first by the French
in 1716, the British in 1763, the Spanish in 1779, and finally by the Americans in 1798.
In 1798, Natchez became
the first capital of the Mississippi territory, and in 1817, became the first capital of the new state of
Mississippi. The city boomed in the first half of the 19th century with the exportation of tons of cotton grown on
vast plantations in Mississippi and across the river in the rich Louisiana lowlands.
Enormous fortunes were made from the area's natural resources: the land and the river. Money was plentiful and people spent it
particularly on dazzling mansions filled with the finest furnishings money could buy.
Natchez and Adams County are located along the lower Mississippi River in southwest Mississippi. US Highways 61,
84, and 98 intersect in Natchez, connecting the city with the metropolitan areas of Memphis, Baton Rouge,
and Mobile. Interstate 55 is 60 miles from Natchez along four-lane US Hwy 84. The Natchez Trace Parkway originates
in Adams County and connects Nashville, TN. Within 500 miles of Adams County are 51 million people with 76 metropolitan
markets which include major United States growth markets of the southern sunbelt region and traditional markets of the
The Natchez Vidalia area enjoys complete seasonal cycles with pleasant spring and fall seasons. Winter months are
usually mild with cold spells of short duration, with an average temperature of 80 degrees. Average rainfall is 57.43 inches a year.
Adams County is governed by a Board of Supervisors, with each supervisor representing one of the five districts. Natchez has
a Mayor-Board of Aldermen form of government. A full-time mayor is elected at large while six aldermen are elected from their separate wards
The City of Natchez has an approximate population of 19,460 and Adams County has an approximate population of 35,356, based upon
1990 census figures.